Saturday, 4 February 2012

Bismil Laahir Rahmaanir Rahim
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

God’s Attributes

The 99 Names of God: 
  1. Ar Rahman (الرحمن) The All Beneficent
  2. Ar Rahim (الرحيم) The Most Merciful
  3. Al Malik (الملك) The King, The Sovereign
  4. Al Quddus (القدوس) The Most Holy
  5. As Salam (السلام) Peace and Blessing
  6. Al Mu'min (المؤمن) The Guarantor
  7. Al Muhaymin (المهيمن) The Guardian, the Preserver
  8. Al 'Aziz (العزيز) The Almighty, the Self Sufficient
  9. Al Jabbar (الجبار) The Powerful, the Irresistible
  10. Al Mutakabbir (المتكبر) The Tremendous
  11. Al Khaliq (الخالق) The Creator
  12. Al Bari' (البارئ) The Maker
  13. Al Musawwir (المصور) The Fashioner of Forms
  14. Al Ghaffar (الغفار) The Ever Forgiving
  15. Al Qahhar (القهار) The All Compelling Subduer
  16. Al Wahhab (الوهاب) The Bestower
  17. Ar Razzaq (الرزاق) The Ever Providing
  18. Al Fattah (الفتاح) The Opener, the Victory Giver
  19. Al Alim (العليم) The All Knowing, the Omniscient
  20. Al Qabid (القابض) The Restrainer, the Straightener
  21. Al Basit (الباسط) The Expander, the Munificent
  22. Al Khafid (الخافض) The Abaser
  23. Ar Rafi' (الرافع) The Exalter
  24. Al Mu'izz (المعز) The Giver of Honor
  25. Al Mudhill (المذل) The Giver of Dishonor
  26. Al Sami' (السميع) The All Hearing
  27. Al Basir (البصير) The All Seeing
  28. Al Hakam (الحكم) The Judge, the Arbitrator
  29. Al 'Adl (العدل) The Utterly Just
  30. Al Latif (اللطيف) The Subtly Kind
  31. Al Khabir (الخبير) The All Aware
  32. Al Halim (الحليم) The Forbearing, the Indulgent
  33. Al 'Azim (العظيم) The Magnificent, the Infinite
  34. Al Ghafur (الغفور) The All Forgiving
  35. Al Shakur (الشكور) The Grateful
  36. Al 'Ali (العلى) The Sublimely Exalted
  37. Al Kabir (الكبير) The Great
  38. Al Hafiz (الحفيظ) The Preserver
  39. Al Muqit (المقيت) The Nourisher
  40. Al Hasib (الحسيب) The Reckoner
  41. Al Jalil (الجليل) The Majestic
  42. Al Karim (الكريم) The Bountiful, the Generous
  43. Ar Raqib (الرقيب) The Watchful
  44. Al Mujib (المجيب) The Responsive, the Answerer
  45. Al Wasi' (الواسع) The Vast, the All Encompassing
  46. Al Hakim (الحكيم) The Wise
  47. Al Wadud (الودود) The Loving, the Kind One
  48. Al Majid (المجيد) The All Glorious
  49. Al Ba'ith (الباعث) The Raiser of the Dead
  50. Ash Shahid (الشهيد) The Witness
  51. Al Haqq (الحق) The Truth, the Real
  52. Al Wakil (الوكيل) The Trustee, the Dependable
  53. Al Qawiyy (القوى) The Strong
  54. Al Matin (المتين) The Firm, the Steadfast
  55. Al Wali (الولى) The Protecting Friend, Patron, and Helper
  56. Al Hamid (الحميد) The All Praiseworthy
  57. Al Muhsi (المحصى) The Accounter, the Numberer of All
  58. Al Mubdi' (المبدئ) The Producer, Originator, and Initiator of all
  59. Al Mu'id (المعيد) The Reinstater Who Brings Back All
  60. Al Muhyi (المحيى) The Giver of Life
  61. Al Mumit (المميت) The Bringer of Death, the Destroyer
  62. Al Hayy (الحي) The Ever Living
  63. Al Qayyum (القيوم) The Self Subsisting Sustainer of All
  64. Al Wajid (الواجد) The Perceiver, the Finder, the Unfailing
  65. Al Majid (الماجد) The Illustrious, the Magnificent
  66. Al Wahid (الواحد) The One, the All Inclusive, the Indivisible
  67. Al Ahad (الاحد) The One, the Unique
  68. As Samad (الصمد) The Long, the Impregnable, the Everlasting
  69. Al Qadir (القادر) The All Able
  70. Al Muqtadir (المقتدر) The All Determiner, the Dominant
  71. Al Muqaddim (المقدم) The Expediter, He who brings forward
  72. Al Mu'akhkhir (المؤخر) The Delayer, He who puts far away
  73. Al Awwal (الأول) The First
  74. Al Akhir (الأخر) The Last
  75. Az Zahir (الظاهر) The Manifest; the All Victorious
  76. Al Batin (الباطن) The Hidden; the All Encompassing
  77. Al Wali (الوالي) The Patron
  78. Al Muta'al (المتعالي) The Self Exalted
  79. Al Barr (البر) The Most Kind and Righteous
  80. At Tawwab (التواب) The Ever Returning, Ever Relenting
  81. Al Muntaqim (المنتقم) The Avenger
  82. Al 'Afuww (العفو) The Pardoner, the Effacer of Sins
  83. Ar Ra'uf (الرؤوف) The Compassionate, the All Pitying
  84. Malik al Mulk (مالك) (الملك) The Owner of All Sovereignty
  85. Dhu al Jalal wa al Ikram (ذو الجلال و الإكرام) The Lord of Majesty and Generosity
  86. Al Muqsit (المقسط) The Equitable, the Requiter
  87. Al Jami' (الجامع) The Gatherer, the Unifier
  88. Al Ghani (الغنى) The All Rich, the Independent
  89. Al Mughni (المغنى) The Enricher, the Emancipator
  90. Al Mani'(المانع) The Withholder, the Shielder, the Defender
  91. Ad Dharr (الضآر) The Distresser
  92. An Nafi' (النافع) The Propitious, the Benefactor
  93. An Nur (النور) The Light
  94. Al Hadi (الهادئ) The Guide
  95. Al Badi (البديع) Incomparable, the Originator
  96. Al Baqi (الباقي) The Ever Enduring and Immutable
  97. Al Warith (الوارث) The Heir, the Inheritor of All
  98. Ar Rashid (الرشيد) The Guide, Infallible Teacher, and Knower
  99. As Sabur (الصبور) The Patient, the Timeless
(Note: Allah is the literal translation of the word God and so is not one of his names.) 

Wikipedia.<Retrieved 21 August 2011>. 

Alhamdulillah rabbil alamin.

Friday, 3 February 2012

Bismil Laahir Rahmaanir Rahim
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

Islamic Jurisprudence (Fiqh)

Wudu is the Islamic procedure for washing certain parts of the body in preparation of salah (prayer). It is also mandatory that a Muslim is pure and clean when handling and reading the Qur’an. According to the Qur’an, it states in surah Al-Bakara ayah 222 that, “...Truly Allah loveth those who turn unto Him, and loveth those who have a care for cleanness.” Another verse from the Qur'an highlights a similar message: "That (this) is indeed a noble Qur'an. In a Book kept hidden. Which none toucheth save the purified..." (Qur'an 56:77-79)

Water requirements

Permitted water types include
  • Rain water
  • Well water
  • Spring, sea or river water
  • Water of melting snow or hail
  • Water of a big tank or pond
Prohibited water types
  • Unclean or impure water
  • Water extracted from fruit and trees
  • Water that has changed its color, taste and smell and becomes thick because something was soaked in it
  • Small quantity of water in which something unclean has fallen, eg. urine, blood, stool or wine or some animal had died after falling into it
  • Water left over after drinking by animals, eg. dogs, pigs or predatory animals
  • Used water of wudu

The Act of Wudu
In order to have wudu, one must complete four (4) acts. They are obligatory or fard, meaning if one of these acts is omitted, wudu is not complete and one must repeat the procedure. 

Fara’id according to Sunni Muslims
The Qur’anic mandate for wudu comes from Al-Maeda ayah 5, which sates:

O ye who believe! When ye rise up for prayer, wash your faces, and your hands up to the elbows, and lightly rub your heads and (wash) your feet up to the ankles. And if ye are unclean, purify yourselves. And if ye are sick or on a journey, or one of you cometh from the closet, or ye have had contact with women, and ye find not water, then go to clean, high ground and rub your faces and your hands with some of it. Allah would not place a burden on you, but He would purify you and would perfect His grace upon you, that ye may give thanks.(Qur’an 5:6)

From the above text, it is established that Muslims are required to:
  • Wash the face once.
  • Wash both the arms including the elbows once.
  • Run the wet hands over the head
  • Wash both the feet once up to and including the ankles. 
Sunnah of the Prophet
  • Narrated by Abd-Allah ibn Amr: "...we were just passing wet hands over our feet (not washing them thoroughly) so he addressed us in a loud voice saying twice or thrice.”
  • Narrated by Ubaid Ibn Juraij: “...and he used to perform ablution while wearing the shoes (i.e. wash his feet and then put on the shoes)."
  • Narrated by Yahya Al-Mazini: "Can you show me how Allah's Apostle used to perform ablution? ...and washed his feet (up to the ankles)."
  • Narrated by Amr: "...and then he washed his feet up to the ankles."
  • Narrated by Humran: "...and washed his feet up to the ankles..."
  • Narrated by Amr bin Yahya: "...and washed his feet up to the ankles..."
  • Narrated by Abdullah bin Zaid: "...and washed his feet (up to the ankles).”

Sunnah (athendic practices and sayings of the prophet Mohammed (pbuh)
It is optional to preform the following acts during wudu:
  • Reciting bismillah
  • Intention of performing wudu
  • Washing both the hands up to the wrists
  • Rinsing the inner mouth
  • Sniffing water and blowing it out
  • Passing of wet fingers between the fingers of the hand and feet
  • Passing of wet fingers into the beard
  • Brushing the teeth, preferably with a miswak
  • Wudu is done systematically
  • Washing of each part one after the other without pause, so no part dries up before wudu is completed
  • Washing each limb thrice
  • Performing wudu towards the Qiblah

Invalidation of Wudu
One can preform one wudu for salah (prayer) and it can be considered valid for the entire day, however; it is be broken if any one of the following acts are committed: 
  • Defecation
  • Sleep while reclining
  • Vomiting
  • Loss of senses
  • Fainting
  • Laughing aloud or whistling while preforming salah
  • Blood or pus leaving the body so that it leaves the point of exit (however if the blood or pus exits from the private parts than any amount breaks wudu) 
  • Touching the private with the bare hands
  • Emission of semen (ghusl is required) 
  • Sexual contact with another person (ghusl is required)

Tayammun is procedure preformed in the place of wudu when access to water is restricted or when water is unavailable. Tayammun can we preformed when:
  • Sufficient amounts of water for ritual washing is not available, including when using the available water for wudu or ghusl would leave insufficient water for drinking.
  • When obtaining water is hazardous or prohibitively expensive.
  • When using water poses a health risk.

Preforming Tayammum
When preforming tayammum, the following steps must be followed:
  • Find a piece of ground which is free of najaasah. This could be any natural surface such as rock, sand, or dust.
  • Recite bismillah.
  • Make niyyah, or intention to make tayammum.
  • Place the hands on the surface of the ground.
  • Lift hands with palms downwards, ensuring that no dust remains, may rub them together.
  • Rub face with hands.
  • Press hands to ground and touch sides of hands together.
  • Rub right arm with left hand, from the fingers to the elbow, and back along the inner arm to the hand. Do the same with the other arm.
Tyammum is permitted on the following items:
  • Taahir (pure) earth
  • Sand
  • Stone
  • Limestone
  • Baked earthen pots (unglazed)
  • Walls of mud, stone or brick
  • Clay
  • All items which have thick dust on them
Tyammum is not permitted on the following items:
  • Wood
  • Metal
  • Glass
  • Food items
  • All items that burn ash, rot, or melt
Is ablution (wudu) required before touching the Qur’an

Dr.Zakir Naik on Wudu


Alhamdulillah rabbil alamin.